MOST of the Elements in the Periodic Table … are METALS … and they live on the left side of the table.
There are Seventeen NON-METALS.
Hydrogen (one of the Non-Metals and the simplest of the elements) has carved out a home on the table’s Upper-Left corner; but except for Hydrogen – ALL the Non-Metals are grouped in the Table’s Upper-Right corner.
FOUR of these (Carbon, Phosphorus, Selenium, and Sulfur) are (normally) solids; but (except for these) the Non-Metals are GASSES.
In Between the Metals and the Non-Metals … are the Metalloids. These are elements which have Some of the properties of Metals … but also – some of the properties of Non-Metals. There are seven of these.
The most important of these (for OUR purposes, since our focus is Mineralogy) – is Silicon.
[Quartz = Silicon Dioxide. And I will commend to you – the book: “Quartz Family Minerals”.
The basic recipe for Granite – is Quartz, Feldspar, Hornblende, and Mica; ALL are Quartz Minerals.
Our Continents – are big blobs of granite … floating in a sea of Basalt; and basalt is a quartz Rock.]
The following video does quite a good job showing the Three categories of elements in the periodic table (just discussed above).
At this (early) stage, I do not consider it important – that you spend much time familiarizing yourself with the majority of the Elements (of the periodic table); however, you SHOULD familiarize yourself with about the first thirty: